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Customary law in Odisha

 Customery law of odisha 


Customary law, deeply rooted in the cultural fabric of societies, plays a pivotal role in shaping the legal landscape of different regions. In the case of Odisha, a state in Eastern India with a rich tapestry of traditions, the customary law is a dynamic force that coexists with statutory laws. This article delves into the nuances of the customary law of Odisha, exploring its origins, its legal standing, and its impact on the lives of the people.

 Historical Foundations of Customary Law in Odisha

Odisha, with its diverse communities and ethnic groups, boasts a historical legacy that significantly influences its customary law. The customary practices have evolved over centuries, shaped by indigenous beliefs, social structures, and communal harmony. Understanding the historical roots provides insights into the resilience and adaptability of Odisha's customary law.

Legal Provisions Governing Customary Law in Odisha

While customary law thrives on tradition, its coexistence with statutory laws is crucial for maintaining legal order. Odisha's legal framework acknowledges the significance of customary practices. The state has incorporated provisions recognizing and protecting customary laws, ensuring that they harmonize with the broader legal system. This recognition is essential for preserving the cultural identity and social cohesion within the communities of Odisha.

Intersection of Customary Law and Constitutional Principles

The integration of customary law with constitutional principles is a delicate balance that Odisha seeks to maintain. The constitutional safeguards ensure that the principles of justice, equality, and fundamental rights are not compromised by customary practices. Odisha's legal landscape strives to strike a harmonious chord between tradition and modernity, respecting cultural practices while upholding constitutional values.

Dynamics of Change and Adaptation

In a rapidly evolving world, customary laws face the challenge of adapting to changing societal norms. Odisha's experience reflects a dynamic interplay between tradition and progress. As communities evolve, so do their customary practices. The legal system in Odisha recognizes the need for flexibility, allowing customary laws to adapt without compromising their essence.


The Customary Law of Odisha stands as a testament to the resilience of tradition in the face of modern legal complexities. Its roots in history, coupled with legal recognition, create a unique legal landscape that reflects the spirit of Odisha's diverse communities. As the state continues to navigate the delicate balance between tradition and progress, the customary law remains a living testament to the enduring cultural identity of Odisha. Balancing preservation with adaptation, Odisha's approach to customary law showcases the state's commitment to a legal framework that respects and preserves its rich cultural heritage.