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Enviornmental law


Environmental law

Written by - Shalini Bishi 


the word enviornmental discovers fro french term "environment" it means to encircle enviornmental include all living and non living elements and the element which effect the lifestyles of the human . the elements are animals,plaints, forests ,birds ,water, air, sunlight, etc. and enviornmental law means the rules which made by many national and international organization for the protection of enviornment.

function of environment 

1- Enviornment upgrades the quality of life style of human

A good environment is very important for human , and also include mountain , beaches, air, water it give satisfaction to human.


97.5% of water present on earth and we use the water in our daily life fresh water is only 3% and two third of it are frozen. so we should take necessary steps for save water. 

it produces resources for utilisation

all the renewable and non renewable energy are produced by environment . daily utilisation product include vegetable , air, water metals which all provided by enviornment.

Enviornment pollution

when there change in the surrounding that has harmful effects on plants and animals , it leads to enviornmental pollution their are 

air pollution , water pollution , soil pollution , nose pollution.

Enviromental issues faced in india

the main environment issues faced in india are pollutions namely air pollution , water pollution , noise pollution etc. this pollution are increase day by day due to human and the pollution directly effect to the health of a human an animal plant. type pollution are

air pollution

Air pollution means release of pollutant air or objects such as gas. particles etc and mix  with air and that air is harmful to human health and the environment in our atmosphere 78% is nitrogen, 21% is oxygen and remaining are other gas. when there is an increase of other gas in the atmosphere it can result in global warming , ozone layer breathing disease , skin problem. 

Noise Pollution

Noise pollution refers to that unwanted sound that harm to a person peaceful existence movement of people and goods for such economics so their is nose of trains buses vehicles trucks airplanes , huge railse for various reasons ect. 

water pollution

water pollution is man made pollution , due to polluted water of industries, factories the water of sea and other source of water also polluted the effect of water pollution often leads to death , skin rashes respiratory infection etc. three fourth . of the water is coverned with water but less then 1% of earth fresh water is accessible tous.

soil pollution

soil pollution destroy the ground water, soil pollution cause due to the chemical and other wastes which made by human and soil pollution mainly effect the agricultural activities

Remadies for enviromental pollution 

pre independence

1- shore nuisance (bombay and kolaba) act 1853

2- merchant shipping act 1958

3- the fishery act 1897 

4- the bombay smoke nuisance act 1912

5- indian forest act 1927

Post independence

article 48A of constitution states that the state shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country 

Articles 51A - this article mentions the fundamentals duties that should be followed by the citizen . it also mention to protect and improve the natural enviornment including forest lakes m rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures.

3- the prevention of air and water pollution 1974.

4- the forest conservation act 1980

5- the air prevention and control of pollution 1981. 


In conclusion, environmental law plays a pivotal role in safeguarding our planet by regulating human activities that impact the environment. It provides a legal framework for addressing issues such as pollution, conservation, and sustainable resource management. As global environmental challenges intensify, the importance of robust and enforceable environmental laws becomes increasingly evident. Striking a balance between economic development and ecological preservation, these laws contribute to the collective responsibility of ensuring a sustainable and healthy planet for present and future generations.